Sometimes the house knocking misery and woe to those parents whose children get into danger, ill or disabled. These children are, unfortunately, a lot, they grow up with us and gain knowledge, but they differ from us with disabilities and attitude to life. In our country, children with disabilities are surrounded with care and attention, they are entitled benefits and additional benefits.
Obtaining the status of a disabled child
Children under 18 years of age receive this status on the basis of identified disorders in his bodily functions. Having the results of the survey, socio-medical committee assigns the status of a disabled child, which guarantees him a receipt of certain benefits and privileges. Before the onset of adulthood this status in children has not gradation groups.
The grounds for the recognition of a disabled child are:
a clear violation of the functions of the organism provoked acquired or congenital defects, injury or disease;
partial or complete lack of mobility, orientation, training, self-service and other functions of life;
the need for social rehabilitation assistance.
To receive a disability MirSovetov recommends that all these enumerated grounds fix. The fact that the health problems that do not interfere with normal life, do not give the right to receive such a status. For example, a child with diabetes (without obvious complications such as renal failure) does not receive a disability.
According to the Rules, the status of "disabled child" is assigned to a person for a certain period, namely:
one to two years - if the doctors give high chances of recovery, depending on whether the severity of the disease;
five years - if after the assignment status for the first time and re-examination of the social and medical commission observed in remission, such as malignancy;
until the child reaches the age of majority: no later than 2 years from the date of assignment of the status of the primary, if present irreversible damage to the body; for 4 years, if a remission is not achieved by means of rehabilitation and medical supplies.
A special set of rules described diseases and other defects that give reason to establish the status of "disabled child". It contains 23 items, including tumors, pathologies of bone and muscle tissue, lack of some organs and so on.
Benefits for disabled children
full-time training at the university with the existing disability group I or II may be eligible for monthly tax payment in the amount of 3,000 rubles.
The exemption will be granted based on the decision of the guardianship authorities, pension certificate, certificate from the Housing cohabitation, as well as a document of the medical institution, which confirmed the need to care for a disabled child. For tax deductions also need a certificate of disability in the absence of parents or guardians, as well as the appropriate document in the case, if the parents are divorced.
Benefits in the housing sector.
For families who are raising children with disabilities, the state provides a discount of 50% for payment of premises. These are homes that are on the balance of public, state or municipal fund. The exemption also applies to the monthly fee for telephone communication, utilities and fuel for arranging individual heating system, if there is no centralized.
In addition to the above, with disabled children families can rely on the provision of premises. Accommodation for improving living conditions in the first place will be given to those who suffer from chronic diseases severe. Namely:
serious mental disorders: schizophrenia, psychosis, epilepsy;
damage to the nervous system impaired motor abilities arms and legs: cerebral palsy, head injuries, spinal injuries, and so on.
Parents with a disabled child are also eligible for additional housing in the form of a room or 10 sq.m.
The benefits for the use of transport.
Children with disabilities and their parents, all custodians are entitled to free travel on all kinds of urban and suburban transport, except taxis. So, this right can take advantage of:
child with a disability and the accompanying person, giving the driver or at the ticket office station, pension certificate and an identity document;
parents, guardians and social workers caring for a disabled child - on the basis of the passport and certificate, which is available from social welfare agencies.
In addition, people with disabilities may be eligible for:
a discount of 50% on the cost of the ticket for the use of rail, air, road and river transport (from 1 October to 15 May) and once in the other months of the year;
free travel once a year to and fro in a sanatorium or hospital for treatment;
free travel for examination or treatment. You can use the shuttle bus, and use the services within the regional transport. This right is granted to children with disabilities and their attendants.
Benefits in the education system.
In preschool educational institution of the general type for a disabled child create all necessary conditions for comfortable stay. These children are primarily received in kindergarten, according to the relevant Decree of the RF President. In addition, the parents of these children are exempt from paying for the PO. Moreover, children with disabilities, who for health reasons can not be in the children's garden generic redirected to education in pre-school, special purpose.
You also have the opportunity to educate children with disabilities in private educational institutions or at home. Successfully passing the examination, an applicant with a disability may enroll in state or municipal educational institution, even out of the competition. Adolescents with developmental disabilities may be directed to study at educational institutions only with the consent of parents or guardians, based on the opinion of medical and psychological Commission.
Children with disabilities free state provides as follows:
prostheses and other orthopedic devices;
vouchers in the health resort for a disabled child and one of his parents.
drugs specified in the prescription.
To accompany his child to a sanatorium, father or mother, for the period of treatment is given a sheet of temporary disability.
a woman who is in the care of a disabled child who has not attained 16 years of age, has the right to part-time or reduced working week;
the law forbids to work overtime to attract a woman with a disabled child;
the employer has no right to refuse to work these women or lowering their wages;
A single mother with a child in the status of a disabled person is forbidden to dismiss. The only exceptions are cases where the company or organization is completely eliminated;
one of the parents or guardians of a disabled person under 18 shall be entitled to claim the 4 extra days off per month.
All the above privileges are granted in accordance with the Labour Code of the Russian Federation.